New Delhi, February 9 – The Union government has emphasized the significant health coverage provided by the Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY), extending up to Rs 5 lakh per family per year for economically disadvantaged families. In a recent statement, the government outlined the achievements and initiatives undertaken to address healthcare challenges, particularly in rural areas.
The Fifteenth Finance Commission recommended grants amounting to Rs 70,051 crores, disbursed to local governments over a span of five years. These grants aim to bolster the health infrastructure and services, with a focus on addressing the unique needs of different regions.
To supplement the efforts of state and union territory governments in providing accessible, affordable, and quality healthcare, the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) was launched in 2005. The NRHM has played a crucial role in bridging infrastructure gaps and improving healthcare services, particularly in rural areas.
The government has launched several mission mode projects to enhance healthcare capabilities across the country. These include the PM-Ayushman Bharat Health Infrastructure Mission (PM-ABHIM), Ayushman Arogya Mandir, Ayushman Bharat Health & Wellness Centres (AB-HWCs), Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY), and Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM).
The PM-ABHIM focuses on developing the capacities of health systems and institutions across primary, secondary, and tertiary care levels to effectively respond to current and future pandemics and disasters. Additionally, the Ayushman Arogya Mandir initiative strengthens Sub Health Centres (SHCs) and Primary Health Centres (PHCs) to provide comprehensive primary healthcare.
The AB-PMJAY, a key component of the healthcare initiatives, ensures health coverage up to Rs 5.00 lakh per family per year for poor and vulnerable families. As of February 8, 2024, a remarkable 55 crore Ayushman Bharat Health Accounts (ABHA) have been created, underscoring the widespread reach and impact of the program.
Furthermore, the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM) is set to develop the necessary digital infrastructure to support integrated digital health services, bridging existing gaps among stakeholders in the healthcare ecosystem.
The government’s commitment to strengthening healthcare at the grassroots level is evident through grants recommended by the Fifteenth Finance Commission. These grants, totaling Rs 70,051 crores, will be disbursed over five years, starting from the fiscal year 2021-22 to 2025-26. This initiative aims to fortify the health system and enhance healthcare accessibility for citizens across the country.