Arts & Culture India World

Three  more  temples  from  Karnataka  declare as World  Heritage  Sites

By Our  Special  Correspondent

Mysuru, Sept 20 (IVC)   Three  more  Hoysala   temples  at Belur, Halebid  and Somanathapur  in Karnataka were declared  UNESCO’s  World  Heritage  Sites  on Sept  18, according to official  sources.

                These  temples  were  built in  the  12th  and 13th  Centuries. The  king  of  Hoysal  Visnuvardhanan  had  established Belur   Chennakesava  and   Halebid Hoysaleswara     temples  and the Somanathapur  Kesava  temple   by   king  Narasimha III, the  soures  added. Earlier Hampi  (1986)  and Hindu/Jain temples at  Pattadakkal (1987)  from  Karnataka  had  been declared as  World  Heritage  Sites, as  per  the  UNESCO’  World  Heritage  Convention  in  1972.

                The Chennakesava temple      and the  Hoysaleswara  temples  in  the  Hassan District  have  been  on the UNESCO’S tentative list since 2014, the sources said. The  Kesava emple at  Somanathapur in Mysuru  district   was  appended  to  the  other  two   monuments  under  the  tentative  and  all the  three temples were  officially nominated  bt  the  Centre   as  India’s  entry  for  2022-2023 in  February.

                The  Archaeologial  Survey   of  India (ASI) said  the  coming  together  of  creative  genus , architectural eclecticism   and symbolism  into   this  outstanding  sacred  architecture  makes  these  Hoysala temples  a  true  work  of art  and  their inscription was  truly  an  honour   for  India  and the  world  heritage  community.

                An  expert from  the  Internationational Commission  on Monuments  and  Sites  (ICOMOS)  concluded  the  site  visits  covering  all  the  three temples in September  last  year   and  the  monuments  were officially inscribed  as  UNESCO  World  Heritage  Sites  during   the 45th session of the  World  Heritage  Committee at  Riyad,  Saudi  Arabia.

All these  three temples were  protected  by the  ASI  and the nominations   were entered  as”  The  Sacred  Ensembles of Hoysala”.  The  Hoysala temples  were  known  for  evolving  a  distinct style that  is  ornate  with  temple architecture  following  a  stellate  plan built  on  a  raised  platform.  The  material  used in temples’ construction  was  chlorite  schist which was  also  known  as  soapstone  that  were  soft  and  amiable to  carving.

                The  temples  were   horizontal friezes and  many of  the  sculptors  were  signed by  artists  which  was  unique in  the  history of  Indian art while the  doorways  showed  intricate carvings showcasing the  excellence  achieved  by the  artist.  A Devaraju, Commissioner, Department  of Archaeology   amusuems  and Heritage said  the  inscription  of  the  three  sites  as World  Heritage  Sites  would  give global  recognition for  the  three  monuments  known  for sculptors  and  carvings  and  further boost tourism

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