The former prime minister Indira Gandhi’s passing anniversary falls on October 31. On October 31, 1984, the deceased Congresswoman was killed by two of her own bodyguards after she had authorised Operation Blue Star, a military operation at the Golden Temple. Her terrible death sparked numerous anti-Sikh riots across the nation.
Indira Gandhi was India’s first and only female prime minister, holding the position from January 1966 until March 1977 and then again from January 1980 till her passing in 1984. One of India’s most important and strong leaders was Indira, sometimes known as the “Iron Lady of India.” After her father, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, she rose to prominence as a global political innovator and served as prime minister of the nation for the second-longest period of time. A BBC poll in 1999 dubbed Indira the “Woman of the Millennium.”
Let’s remember Indira Gandhi with little-known facts today on the 37th anniversary of her passing. She was the sole child of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and Kamala Nehru, and she was born on November 19, 1917, in Allahabad (now known as Prayagraj). Legendary author and poet Rabindranath Tagore gave her the name Priyadarshini Nehru. In accordance with Adi Dharm customs, Indira and Feroze Gandhi were wed at Anand Bhavan on March 26, 1942. Rajiv Gandhi and Sanjay Gandhi were the couple’s two sons. Indira worked as her father’s unofficial personal assistant in the 1950s while he was serving as India’s first Prime Minister. She held the office of President of Congress as well.
She was made a Rajya Sabha member following the passing of her father in 1964, and she held the position of Minister of Information and Broadcasting in Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri’s cabinet. Morarji Desai served as Indira’s deputy prime minister and finance minister when she established her cabinet in 1966. She stayed in charge until 1977. The late politician engaged in a conflict with Pakistan in order to promote the East Pakistan independence movement and war of independence, which led to an Indian victory and the founding of Bangladesh. Indira received India’s highest civilian honor, the Bharat Ratna, from President VV Giri after guiding India to victory against Pakistan in the Bangladesh liberation war.
In 1980, Indira became the Prime Minister for a second time after the Indira-led congress won resounding victory. The infamous Operation Blue Star in Amritsar’s Golden Temple occurred while Indira served as Prime Minister. Her Sikh bodyguards murdered her shortly after that. According to sources, she was the target of about 31 gunfire.